STAGES OF HIV

PRIMARY HIV INFECTION

* Asymptomatic ( without any symptoms )

* Acute retroviral syndrome.

 

CLINICAL STAGE I

* Asymptomatic

* Persistent generalized lymphadenopathy.

 

CLINICAL STAGE II

* Moderate unexplained weightloss (10% of presumed or measured body weight).

* Recurrent respiratory infections (respiratory tract infections, upper respiratory tract infections, sinusitis, tonsillitis, bronchitis, otitis media, pharyngitis).

* Herpes zoster.

* Minor mucocutaneous manifestations (angular chelitis, recurrent oral ulcerartion, seborrheic dermatitis, prurigo, popular pruritic eruptions, fungal fingernail infections).

 

CLINICAL STAGE III

* Unexplained severe weight loss.

* Unexplained chronic diarrhea for more than 1 month.

* Unexplained persistent fever for more than a month.

* Persistent oral candidiasis (thrush)

* Oral hairy leukoplakia.

* Pulmonary tuberculosis within the last 2 years

* Severe presumed bacterial infections (pneumonia, empyema, pyomyositis, bone or joint infection, meningitis, bacteremia).

* Acute necrotizing ulcerative stomatitis, gingivitis or periodontitis.

* Conditions for which confirmatory diagnostic testing is necessary.

* Unexplained anemia (hemoglobin- 8g/ dL)

* Neutropenia (neutrophils 500 cells/uL)

* Chronic thrombocytopenia (platelets 50,000 cells /uL)

 

CLINICAL STAGE IV

* HIV wasting syndrome as defined by the CDC.

* Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia.

* Recurrent severe or radiological bacterial pneumonia.

* Chronic herpes simplex infection (oral or genital or anorectal site) for 1 month.

* Esophageal candidiasis.

* Extrapulmonary tuberculosis.

* Kaposi’s sarcoma.

* Central nervous system toxoplasmosis.

* HIV encephalopathy.

Advertisements
Posted in HIV