Dental: Guided Tissue Regeneration Membrane
Surgical procedures can be an intimidating for many patients and this is why we hope to offer our patients a
good insight into the type of injury, some possible solutions and how Inion® implants and technologies can
It is always extremely important for you to find out as many details as possible about your problem, the
available methods of treatment for that condition, and any particular surgical method your dentist may
recommend for you.
The gum versus bone race:
Soft tissue, such as gum tissue, grows very fast while bone grows more slowly. When a hole is created in the
bone, for example when a tooth is removed or because of an infection, soft tissue grows into the space very
quickly and prevents bone from forming there. When bone is needed to support a tooth or dental implants,
uncontrolled gum tissue growth can be a problem.
A Membrane can be used to cover the hole and act as a barrier to block out the gum tissue from growing into
the area. This allows the more slowly growing bone to fill the hole without any competition.
Guided Tissue Regeneration (GTR) for treatment of Periodontal disease
Periodontal Disease, or Gum disease, is an infection of the gums caused by bacteria. If left
untreated, pockets of infection form between the gums and the roots of the teeth. Eventually, the
tissue connecting the teeth and the gums begins to break down, causing the teeth to loosen.
Treatment usually involves thorough cleaning and, in more advanced cases, surgery may be
required. This can include cutting and peeling back the gums to allow the bacteria and plaque to be
scraped off the root surfaces.
Treatment usually involves thorough cleaning and, in more advanced cases, surgery may be required. This
can include cutting and peeling back the gums to allow the bacteria and plaque to be scraped off the root
Membranes can then be used to regenerate lost periodontal tissue and supporting bone. With guided tissue
regeneration, the faster growing connective tissue and epithelial cells are prevented from migrating into the
wound, and space is maintained between the membrane and bone, allowing time for periodontal ligament
and bone to repopulate and mature in the defect area. A membrane can be used alone or with a bone graft
or bone substitute.
Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR)
Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR) refers to procedures that attempt to regenerate bone, often prior to the
placement of dental implants. This is accomplished using membranes to keep out soft tissue and allow the
bone to grow in bony defects and extraction sockets.
Whenever a tooth is lost or extracted a lot of the bone that once surrounded the tooth root can disappear.
This bone loss is described as ‘bone resorption’ . For some people, bone loss after the removal or loss of
teeth leaves them without enough to secure an implant.
Guided bone regeneration can be used to create additional bone in deficient areas before placing dental
implants or to repair defects around previously placed dental implants. The surgical hole can be filled with
several different types of materials before covering the area with a protective membrane barrier, i.e.:
Autograft – Bone can be harvested from the patient’s own body by scraping the jaw bone, removing cores or
blocks of bone from different places, or even getting bone from the patient’s hip.
Allograft bone – bone from a deceased donor.
Other materials – such as treated bone from animals, synthetic bone, coral and biocompatible polymers can
also be used.
The Inion GTR membrane acts as a
barrier between the gum and the
defect(space). This enables a slower
growing periodontal ligament and
formation of bone cells to repair the
Complete healing of the area occurs
when the periodontal ligament and
bone cells have regenerated(grown
back) and the Inion GTR membrane
has completely degraded(absorbed).
Surgical Technique -What to expect?
The theory of GTR proposes that placing a barrier between the overlying gingival (gum)tissues and the gap
will stop the faster-moving epithelium and gingival connective tissue from migrating into the wound space,
allowing time for the periodontal ligament, and bone to repopulate the area.
This membrane will usually be placed during periodontal or bone graft surgery as part of
the overall treatment, Your dentist, surgeon or periodontist will explain what to exepct.
Inion’s biodegradable materials are safe and synthetic, without any of the potential risks associated with
materials from human or animal origin.
The need for membrane removal surgery is eliminated by using Inion GTRTM membranes. The polymers
used in the Inion membranes and tacks biodegrade in the body and are then metabolized(processed) by the
body into carbon dioxide and water.
TMC Trimethylene Carbonate
TMC Trimethylene Carbonate
DLPLA D, L-lactide
The biocompatibility of the materials has been well documented and the same polymers have been clinically
used for more than 30 years in biodegradable sutures and orthopaedic fixation devices.
What is the difference between Inion GTRTM membrane and other
The key difference is that the membrane becomes stiff when implanted. This allows the space under the
membrane to be maintained so that more bone volume can be generated.
What is the degradation time of the Inion GTRTM membrane?
The Inion GTRTM membranes are tailored to fully biodegrade within one to two years. The barrier function of
the membrane to exclude gingival cells from the defect site is maintained for 8-12 weeks, thereafter the
membrane starts to break down and biodegrade
What happens to the membrane? What does it degrade into?
The Inion GTR™ membrane degrades by hydrolysis and over time is metabolised through natural processes
in the body into carbon dioxide and water, which are then exhaled and excreted.
Can the Inion membrane be used to prepare dental implant sites?
The Inion GTRTM Membrane System is also indicated for bone augmentation around dental implants. Due to
its outstanding space maintenance properties excellent bone volume gain may be achieved.
How fast can I expect bone to regenerate underneath the membrane?
You can expect bone to grow at least as fast as with other membranes. However, ultimate results depend on
a variety of factors which need to be assessed prior to surgery. Early animal study results indicate an
acceleration of bone growth due to specific formulation of the membrane. Further research hereto is ongoing.